Save the Children
An estimated 13.5 million people needed humanitarian assistance in Syria, 4.5 million located in so-called ‘hard to reach’ and besieged areas. Whilst these were predominantly in Northern Syria, the ‘hard to reach’ and besieged areas, were also in Central and Southern areas of Syria, requiring support. The Nutrition Cluster worked closely with the Health Cluster to promote an integrated package of nutrition and health services such as IYCF-E counseling and treatment for acute malnutrition. Prior to the Syrian crisis, IYCF was already far from optimal with just 46% of babies breastfed within 1 hour of birth and 43% exclusively breastfed. Breastmilk formulas and bottle feeding were common practices because of breastfeeding misconceptions & beliefs. In response, partners implemented humanitarian nutrition programs with a strong emphasis on Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies (IYCF-E) programming. However, it was a relatively new area for most partners as such significant technical support was required.
Tech RRT Advisors (IYCF-E and SBC) were requested to work with the cluster and members to conduct the Knowledge Attitude and Practice Baseline survey. They also provided senior leadership, technical support and capacity building for the ongoing advocacy campaign and IYCF-E programming to strengthen the overall delivery of the IYCF-E response.
The principal objective of the Nutrition Cluster is to rapidly scale up both preventive and curative nutrition services across areas that can be reached by partners.
In October 2020, Turkey was hosting more than 3,624,941 Syrian refugees which consist of 60% of all Syrian refugees according to UNHCR. The European Union in partnership with the Turkish government launched the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) in 2016 to assist vulnerable refugees and asylum-seekers in Turkey to address basic needs such as access to food. During 2019, high inflation escalated food prices to 28%, and many Syrians resolved by cutting the quantity and diversity of their food intake and consuming food of low nutrient quantity which jeopardized their nutrition status. In return Children, pregnant women and lactating women were most affected. As such there was a need to assess the food security and nutrition needs of Turkey and Syria households. WHH contracted a company to conduct the survey
WHH lacked the capacity to provide technical oversight to the research company on some aspects such as sampling methodology, data monitoring, and data analysis). WHH requested the support of the GNC Technical Alliance for remote technical backstopping to WHH to ensure the quality of the research company's work and the overall success of the assessment.